Fear of pain often leads people to restrict or reduce movement, which further contributes to the pain experience by atrophying the muscles and ‘‘smudging the body map’’, or confusing the brain about where the pain is centered.
Exercise and movement-based approaches such as yoga, tai chi and Feldenkrais increase awareness through movement and support the following outcomes:
- Sharpen the body map
- Increase circulation
- Lubricate joints and provide them with nutrition
- Decrease risk of developing cardiovascular disease
- Build capacity for load